Acne is a common inflammatory skin condition that usually affects teenagers during hormonal changes and can also occur in adulthood. Excess sebum (an oil-like substance produced by the sebaceous glands) clogs the pores, trapping impurities inside and creating blackheads and pimples.
One bacterium in particular that is present on our skin is known as Propionibacterium Acnes (recently called Cutinebacterium Acnes) which proliferates and causes inflammation.
How are pimples formed?
Excess sebum and buildup of skin cells on the surface layer of the skin.
Obstruction of the skin follicle.
Proliferation of a bacterium known as Propionibacterium Acnes.
Inflammation and formation of impurities, pimples and blackheads.
Main causes of acne
Stress and diet
Stress, and a diet high in fat and carbohydrates – Numerous studies have shown that stress hormones and a diet high in fat and carbohydrates alter the intestinal balance and cause an increase in inflammation and sebum production in the skin.
The sebum present on our skin lubricates and keeps the skin hydrated.
When in excess it causes occlusion of the pores and acne is formed.
Together with sebum it is one of the causes of the occlusion of the pores.
Teens are most affected by hormonal changes which increases the secretion of sebum.