Skin spots are circumscribed areas of the skin with a darker color.
The dark coloring is due to an excess of melanin, a pigment that gives color to the skin.
How are skin spots formed?
The formation of the darker pigment starts from an amino acid (l-tyrosine) and ends with the formation of melanin (dark pigment).
The melanin pigment is arranged in granules in the melanocytes (cells that contain the melanin pigment).
From melanocytes it passes to epidermal cells (skin cells) and the pigment becomes visible on our skin.
The melanin pigment is concentrated only in certain areas of the skin, forming spots.
What causes skin spots?
UV exposure (solar and artificial)
Pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives and hormone therapy in
Photosensitizing drugs (substances that react with sunlight).
Scarring caused by acne
Did you know that…?
Skin spots often recur even after outpatient treatments. What can we do to prevent them?
The advice is the following:
- stimulate skin renewal to renew the most superficial layers of the skin
- protect the skin from UV rays (the one of the causes of skin spots)
- reduce the production of melanin and above all its deposit